PERAḤYAH, ḤASDAI BEN SAMUEL HA-KOHEN (?1605–1678), rabbi and halakhist. Peraḥyah belonged to a well-known family in Salonika. He was one of the outstanding disciples of Ḥayyim Shabbetai\>\> . In 1647 he was appointed one of the dayyanim of the old Italian community of the city. In 1671, after the death of Menahem Shullam, he was appointed chief rabbi there, and served, apparently, until his death. Peraḥyah left behind homilies, novellae, and responsa. His collected responsa, Torat Ḥesed, were published in Salonika in 1722, and others appear in the works of his associates and disciples. Among his pupils were Daniel Gerasi, Jacob di Boton, and his kinsman, Aaron ha-Kohen Peraḥyah\>\> . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Molho, Essai d'une Monographie sur la Famille Perahia à Thessaloniki (1938), 27–33; I.S. Emmanuel, Maẓẓevot Saloniki, 1 (1963), 403–6, no. 908. (Abraham David)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • RESPONSA — (Heb. שְׁאֵלוֹת וּתְשׁוּבוֹת; lit. queries and replies ), a rabbinic term denoting an exchange of letters in which one party consults another on a halakhic matter. Such responsa   are already mentioned in the Talmud, which tells of an inquiry… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PIYYUT — (Heb. פִּיּוּט; plural: piyyutim; from the Greek ποιητής), a lyrical composition intended to embellish an obligatory prayer or any other religious ceremony, communal or private. In a wider sense, piyyut is the totality of compositions composed in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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